9780993346514_sml.jpgBody Mechanics in Health and Disease 


REFERENCES in the original books

Chapter 1

Alvarez, W. C.: Constitutional inadequacy, J. M. Soc. New Jersey 36:658, 1939.

Appleton, A. B.: Posture, Practitioner 156:48, 1948. 

Baker, F.: Chronically ill patient and physical therapy, Physiotherapy Rev. 16:131, 1936.

Brown, L. T.: Bodily mechanics and medicine, Boston M. & S. J.  182:649, 1920.

Burt, H. A.: Effects of faulty posture, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 18:187, 1950.

Cochrane, W. A.: Importance of physique and correct posture in relation to the art of medicine, Brit. M. J. 1:310, 1924.

Crispell, R. W.: Constitutional medicine, South. Med. & Surg. 101:255, 1939.

Dart, R. A.: The attainment of poise, South African 21 :74, 1947.

Dickson, F. D.: Posture, Its Relation to Health, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1931.

Forrester-Brown, M. F.: Posture as a factor in health and disease, Brit. M. J. 1:1690, 1926.

Goldthwait, J.  E.: An anatomic and mechanistic conception of disease, Boston M. and Surg. J.  172:881, 1915.

-: The challenge of the chronic patient, Boston M. & S. J. 186:31, 1922.

Hellebrandt, F. A.: Physical medicine and rehabilitation in the prevention of chronic invalidism,  J.A.M.A. 142:967, 1950.

Klein, A., and Thomas, L.: Posture and physical fitness, Washington, D. C., Dept. of Labor, Children’s Bur. Pub.  No. 205, 1931.

Lee, R. 1.: Preventive medicine in general practice, J.A.M.A. 98:2038, 1931.

Osgood, R. B.: Body mechanics and posture, J.A.M. A.  96:2032, 1931. .

Schwartz, L.: Resume of literature on posture, Pub. Health Rep. 42:1219, 1927.

Sherman, F. A.: Habits of posture as related to health and efficiency, Nat. Health 5:708, 1923.

Splithoff, C. A.: Origin and development of the erect posture, Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 84:943, 1947. 

Stewart, S. F. N.: The evolution of human posture, Hawaii M. J. 7:291, 1948.

Swaim, L. T.: The mechanically unfit, Am. J. Orthop. Surg. 13:280, 1915.

Thomas, L. C.: Body Mechanics and Health, Boston, Houghton, 1929.

White House Conference, Body .MIechanics, New York, Century, 1932.

Wood-]ones, F.: Attainment of upright posture of man, Nature 146:26, 1940.


Chapter 2

Barker, L. F.: Clinical aspects of more important types of human constitution, Rev. Gastroenterol. 2:119, 1936.

Bawken, H., and Bawken, R.: Body build of infants, Am. ]. Dis. Child. 37:46l, 1929.

Bean, R. R.: Morbidity and morphology, johns Hopkins Hosp. Bull. 23:363, 1915.

Brees, L.: Body build, personality and neuroses, jour. Ment. Sc. 96:435, 1950.

Bryant,  The carnivorous and herbivorous types in man, Boston M. 8c S. J. 172:321, 1915. Collumbine, H., Bibile, S. W., Wikramayoke, T. W.: Influence of age, sex, physical and muscular development on physical fitness,  Appl. Physiol. 2:488, 1950.

Danielopolu, D., and Aslan, A.: Clinostatisme et orthostatisme, Presse méd. 45:l833, 1937.

Draper, G.: Human Constitution, Philadelphia, Saunders, 1924.

Goldthwait,  E.: The recognition of congenital visceral ptosis in the treatment of badly posed and poorly nourished children, Am.  Orthop. Surg. 9:252, 1911.

Goralewski, G., and Schreiber, A.: Zur Konstitutionsfrage bei ulcus ventriculi und duodeni, Deutsche med. Wchnschr. 632128, 1937.

Gray, H.: Sitting height and stem length in private school boys, Am.  Dis. Child. 23:406, 1922.

Hedenberg, S.: Physical and mental constitutional, Hygiea 25:634, 1945.

Lucas, W. P., and Pryor, H. B.: Physical measurements and physiological processes in young children, ].A.M.A. 97: 1127, 1931.

McCullock, H.: Postural defects and body types in children, M. Clin. North America 9:99, 1925.

Mills, R. W.: The relation of bodily habits to visceral form, positions, tonus and mobility, Am. J. Roentgenol. 4:155, 1917

Pasteur, F.: Morphologic index, Bull. Acad. de med. Paris, 122:39,1939.

Rice, P.; Morphologic types and their predispositions. Hahneman. Month. 73:544, 1938.

 Schwarzacher, W.: Beiund und Gutachten, Wien.klin.Wchnschr. 59:307, 1947.

 Steiglitz, E.  J. Migraine physique. Am.J.M.SC. 189:359, 1935.

 Swaim, L. T.: Study of thirty-nine cases as regards intestinal length and nutrition, Boston M. & S.J.  167:249, l912.

Tanner,  J.W.: Morphologic level of personality, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 40:301, 1947.

Thompson M.: Anatomic types and their relationship to disease, Canadian M.A.J.  14:155, 1924.

Winkler, W.: Krampfhereitschalt und Konstitution, Arch. I. klin. Chirurg. 265:473, 1950

 Ziggler, E. L: Implications of study of body types for physical education. ]. Health &- Phys. Educ. 19:241, 1948.   


Chapter 3

Adams, R. D., and Pillsbury, H. C.: Positions and activities   of the diaphragm as affected by changes of posture, Arch.   Int. Med. 29:245, 1922. 

 Appleton, A. B.: Postural deformities and bone growth,   Lancet 1:451, 1934.  

Badgley, C. R.: Physiologic postural deformities in contrast to pathological postural deformities, ]. MIichigan  M. Soc. 34:469, 1935.  

Bankhart, A. S. B.: Postural deformities, Brit. M. J. 1:587,   1921.  

Brown, L. T.: Mechanics of lumbosacral and sacroiliac   joint, Bone & Joint Surg. 19:770, 1937. -: The recognition of faulty posture, Pub. Health   Nursing, ]an., 1925.  -: A combined medical and postural examination of  746 young adults, Am.  Orthop. Surg. 15:774, 1917.  

Brown, L. T., and Kuhns, J. G.: Mechanical instability of the shoulder joint, ]. Bone & Joint Surg. 16:88, 1934. 

Burt, H. A.: Effects of faulty posture, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med.   43:187, 1950.  

Carnett, J. B.: Chronic strain of the lumbar spine, Ann. Surg. 85:509, 1927.  

Cook, R. J:  Orthopedic examination of 1393 Yale Freshmen,  J. Bone & Joint Surg. 4:247, 1922.

Cyriax, E.: Some common postural deformities and their treatment by manipulation, Brit.  Phys. Med. 1:202,   1938.  

Forrester-Brown, M. F.: The importance of posture. Physio therapy Rev. 13:234, 1933.

Foster, J. B.: Discussion of body mechanics, Physiotherapy   Rev. 14:27, 1934.

Goldmark,  Fatigue and Efficiency, New York. Russell   Sage Foundation, 1917.  

Goldthwait, J. E.: Backgrounds and foregrounds of orthopedics,  J. Bone & joint Surg. 15:279, 1933.-: Recognition of congenital visceral ptosis in the treatment of badly poised and poorly nourished children, Am.  J. Orth. Surg., Nov., 1911.   -: Relation of posture to human efficiency, Boston M.   & S.  J. 161:839, 1909.   —_: Proper development of the body as the basis of   health, Hygeia, Aug., 1924.   _--: Challenge of the chronic patient to the medical profession, Boston M. & S.J.  186:3l, 1922.

Hall, E. R.: Exercise and posture in relation to disease, Virginia Med. Month. 53:729, 1926.  

Horstenegg, W. A. R.: Korferliche Ausbilbung  der_]ugendlichen und statische Deformitater, Wien Med. Wchnschr.  88:969, 1938. 

Howorth, M. B.: Dynamic Posture, Hygiea 25:l98, 1947.

Jordon, H. H.: Myogeloses: The significance of pathologic conditions of musculature in disorders of posture and locomotion, Arch. Phys. Therap. 23:36, 1942. 

 Keith, Sir Arthur: Development of the upright posture in   man, Brit. M. J.  1:451, 1923.  

Kuhns,  J.G.: Tightness of ligamentous structures, Arch. Pediat. 61: 179, 1944. 

Lee, R. 1., and Brown, L. T.: A new chart for the standardization of body mechanics,  J. Bone & Joint Surg. 5:753,   1923.

Lowman, C. L.: Deflection of energy, lnterstate M.J. 22:   883, 1915.  

Myers, E. E.: Management of postural deformities of the   lower extremity, Am. J.  Surg. 44:232, 1939.  

Nat. Comm. South African Red Cross Soc:  Good and bad posture, Hygiea 23: 120, 1945.  

Pohlman, A. G.: Some disadvantages of the upright posture,   Am. Med. 12:541, 1906.

Schurmeier, H. L.: Posture and its relation to bodily mechanics, Am. Med. 22: 143, 1927. 

Sherman, F. A.: Habits of posture as related to health and   efficiency, Nat. Health 5:708, 1923.

Thoma, W.: Role of abdominal muscles in posture, Arch   Orthop. 281376, 1930. 

Wheeldon, T.: The role of the hamstring in the production of postural changes, South. M. J.  34:540, 1941.  

White House Conference on Child Health, Subcommittee on Body Mechanics, New York, Century, 1930. 



Appleton, A. B.: Postural deformities and bone growth,   experimental study, Lancet 1:451, 1934. 

 Brash, J. C.: Some problems in growth and developmental mechanics of bone, Edinburgh M. J. 4l:305, l934. 

Burt, H. A.: Effects of faulty posture, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med.   l8:l87, 1950.

Caldwell, W.: Postural defects in elementary school children, New Orleans M. & S. J. 9l:601, 1939.

Cyriax, E.: Some remarks on the action of the sacro lumbalis   during standing,  J. Anat. 67:l78, 1932. 

Dickson, F. D.: Effect of posture on the health of the child,   J.A.M.A. 77:760, 1921.  

Dodds, G. A., and Cameron, H. C.: Studies in experimental rickets in rats, Am. J. Path. 19:169, 1943.

Fitshugh, M. L.: Let’s keep them straight, Connecticut State Department of Health, M.C.H. 79.  -: The physical therapist looks at babies, Phys. Therap. Rev. 14:284, 1948.  

Gluckmann, A.: The role of mechanical stresses in bone formation in vitro, J. Anat. 76:231, 1942.

Goldberg, H.: Pre-school posture, Kentucky M.J. 29:539,   1931.  

Goldthwait, J. E.: The opportunity of the orthopedist in preventive medicine through educational work on posture, Am. J. Orthop. Surg. l4:443, 1916. 

Hansson, K. G.: Study of posture in first and second decades, Internat. Clin. 4:130, 1930. 

Haynes, R. S.: Posture in children, Am. J. Dis. Child. 36:1093, 1928.  

Horstenegg, W. A. R.: Korperliche ausbildung der Jugendlichen und statische Deformitaten,  Wien. med. Mchnschr.   88:969, 1938.  

Kraus, H. and Eisenmenger, S.: Evaluation of posture based on structural and functional measurements, Physiotherapy Rev. 25:267, 1945.

Kuhns, J. G.: Developmental changes in vertebral articular facets, Radiology 25:498, 1935.   —: Funnel chest deformity, New England  J. Med. 204:1077, 1931.   ---: Normal posture in early childhood, Pub. Health Nursing 38:406, 1946.   -—-: Genu varum, a postural deformity, Arch. Pediat.   55:224,‘1936.   -: Physiological scoliosis, Arch. Pediat. 55:343, 1938.    

McCullock, H.: Postural defects and body types in children,   M. Clin. North America 9:99, 1925.

Meyers, E. E.: Management of postural deformities of the   lower extremities, Am. J. S. 44:232, 1939.

Mills, H.: Posture and eye strain in children, Boston. M. &   S. J. 168:l28, 1913.  

Nathan, L., and Kuhns, J. G.: Epiphysitis of the spine,   J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:55, 1940.  

Patton, E. F.: Posture in childhood, Calilornia & Western   Med. 41:185, 1934. 

Phemister, D. B.: Bone growth and repair, Ann. Surg.   102:261, 1935.  

Sabot, F. B.: Effect of body mechanics on health and children, South. M. J. 15:171, 1922.  

Steindler, A.: Mechanics of Normal and Pathological Locomotion in Man, Springfield, Thomas, 1935.

Sterling, E. B.: The posture of the school children in relation to nutrition, physical defects, school grades and   physical training, Pub. Health Rep. 37:2043, 1920. 

Stilwell, F. H.: Effect of posture upon teeth and spine,   Dental Cosmos 69:154, 1921.  

Sweet, C.: Postural development of infants, California & Western Med. 25:181, 1926.  

Toefel, T.: Influence of posture on development of child,   South. M. J.  19:267, 1926. 

Whitman, A.: Postural deformities in children, New York   State J. Med. 24:871, 1924. 

Wiggins, R. H.: The management of posture in children,   Canad. M. A.  27:47, 1932.  -: Defects in children’s posture, Canad. M. A. J.   24:820, 1931.  

Wiles, P.: Postural deformities in adolescence, Practitioner  135:3l8, 1935.   -: Deformities of anteroposterior curves of the spine,   Lancet 1:911, 1939.  

Wilson,  C.: Etiology and treatment of faulty body mechanics in childhood, California State  M. J. 21:14.5, 1923.       


Chapter 5

Banks S W and Compere E. L.: Lesions of intervertebral   discs, Surg. Clin. North America 19:43, 1939.

Barr, J. S.: Relationship of intervertebral disc to back strain and peripheral pain, Surgery 4:1, 1938

Buckley, C. W.: Fibrositis, lumbago and sciatica, Practitioner 134:129, 1935

Butler, E. D.: Low back pain and its management by the general surgeon, California Med. 68:70, 1948

Dawson, G. R.: Low back pain and sciatica caused by faulty mechanics at lumbo-sacral area, J. South Carolina M.A. 37:242,1941

Dickson F. D.  Industrial injuries to back, Occup. Med. 3:53, 1947

Douthwaite, A. H.: Lumbago, Guy’s Hosp. Gaz. 50:311, 1936

Gaenslen, F.J., Low back pain; etiology and diagnosis,   Indust. Med. 4:105, 1935.  

Ghormley, R. K.: Diagnosis of low back disability, M. Clin.   North America 21:893, 1937.  

Goldthwait, J. E.: Anatomic explanation of many cases of weak and painful backs as well as many of the leg paralyses, Boston M. & S.  68:l28, 1913.

Hauser, E.: Backache due to functional decompensation,   Physiotherapy Rev. 17:46, 1937.  

Jones, M. L.: Backache in industrial injuries, Wisconsin   M. J. 44:1069, 1945.  

Jostes, F. A.: Low back pain, Mil. Surgeon 83:316, 1938. 

Kendall, H. O., and Kendall, F. P.: Study and treatment of   muscle imbalance in cases of low back and sciatic pain,   Physiotherapy Rev. 162175, 1936. 

Kreuscher, P. H.: Backache, etiology, diagnosis and non-surgical treatment, M. Clin. North America 18:1343, 1935.  

Krusen, F. H.: Relation of physical therapy to management of low back pain, Canad. M. A. J. 42:534, 1940.  

Kuhns, J.  G.: Hypertrophic arthritis of the spine, New England Med. 217:317, 1937. -: Low back pain, Rhode Island M. J. 19:131, 1936. 

Lindon, L.: Problems of backache and sciatica, M. J. Australia 2:345, 1946.  

Miller, O. L.: Apparent indications for lumbosacral fusion in low back disorders, South. Med. & Surg. J. 98:533, 1936.  

Murray, J.M.: Low back pain, Canad. M. A. J.  41:427, 1939.  

Myers, E. E.: Problem of the low back, Indust. Med. 10:5,   1941.  

Newton, K.: Preventing back strain in nursing, Am.J.  Nursing 43:921, 1943. 

Phalen, G. S.: Mechanical backache, Cleveland Clin. Quart.  15:113, 1948.  

Rankine, T. G.: Remedial exercise for low back pain, J. Roy. Army M. Corps 81:250, 1943.  

Steindler, A.: Interpretation of sciatic radiation and syndrome of low back pain, J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:28, 1940.

Sweet, P. P: Sciatica, backache and intervertebral discs, Connecticut M. J. 9:701, 1942

Thompson, V. P: Role of faulty body mechanics in military lame back, Am. Acad. Orth. Surg. Lectures, pp.438-453

Walke. F. H.: Physical therapy in low back injuries, Arch. Phys. Therap. 17:290, 1936

Willard, DeF.: Inefficiency due to back strain and faulty posture in unseasoned troops, Am. J. Orthop. Surg. 16:429, 1918

Williams, P. C.: Lesions of the lumbosacral spine. Chronic traumatic (postural) destruction of lumbosacral intervertebral disc, J. Bone & Joint Surg. 19:690. 1937

Wilson, P. D.: Back and foot strain, Indust. Hyg. 4:106, 1922

Young, J. H.: Lumbago, M. J. Australia 2:485, 1946

Zeiter, W. J.: and Ward, G. J.: Poor posture and low back pain, Cleveland Clin. Quart. 9:91, 1942


Chapter 6

Alexander, H. L., and Kountz, W. B.: The mechanism of   non obstructive emphysema, Tr. A. Am. Physicians 47: 255, 1932.  

Allen, S. C., Taylor, C. K., and Hall, V. E.: Study of orthostatic insufficiency by tiltboard method, Am.  Physiol.   143:11, 1945. 

Baltzan, D. M.: Procedure in treatment of heart disease,   Canadian M. A. J.  53:150, 1945.

Barranger, T. B.: Exercise tolerance in heart disease,   ].A.M.A. 79:22O3, 1922. 

Black, E. C.: Physical education in heart cases, Am. Phys. Educ. Rev. 29:3l7, 1924.

Bock, A. V., Lawrence, J.  S., and Hurxthal, L. M.: Variations in blood flow with change in position,  Clin. Investigation 3:613, 1927.  

Bolton, C., and Barnard, W. G.: Portal Stagnation, J. Path. & Bact. 34:701, 1931.

Christie, D. C., and Beams, A. J. Estimation of normal vital capacity with especial reference to effect of posture, Arch. Int. Med. 30:34, 1922.  

Cooley, M. C.: Treatment of congestive failure, Am. Heart J.   33:740, 1947.  

Crampton, C. W.: The gravity-resisting ability of the circulation, Am. J. Med. Sc. 140:721, 1920.  

Day, G. H.: Diaphragmatic dyspnoea, J. Roy. Army M. Corps 81:290, 1943.  

Dupee, C., and Johnson, V.: Respiratory changes in pulmonary vascular capacity, Am. ]. Physiol. 139:95, 1943. 

East, T., and Brigden, W.: Postural hypotension, Brit. Heart J.  8:103, 1946.  

Editorial: Function of the diaphragm, ].A.M.A. 91:1894, 1928.  

Fries, E. C.: Cardiovascular response to graded exercise,   Arch. Phys. Therap. 25:540, 1944.  

Goldthwait, J. E.: Ptosis of the heart and diaphragm, Boston  M.& S. J. 189:581, 1923.  

Grollman, A.: Variations in posture, effect on output of heart, Am.  J. Physiol. 86:285, 1928.

Harrison, R. G.: Regenerative capacity of cardiac muscle, J. Anat. 81:365, 1947.   

Holt,  P., and Tashkind, W. J., Bernstein, P., Griesen, J. C.: Regulation of arterial blood pressure, Am. J.   Physiol. 146:410, 1946.  

Kerr, W. J. The treatment of angina pectoris by methods which appear to promote more adequate filling of the heart, Am. Heart J. 16:544, 1938.  

Kerr, W. J., and Logen, J. B.: The postural syndrome related to obesity leading to postural emphysema and cardiorespiratory failure, Ann. Int. Med. 10:569, 1936.  

Kuhn, P. H.: Cardiovascular patients in industry, Indust. Med. 17:461, 1948.  

Lee, R. 1.: Investigative opportunities in the physical examination of large groups of individuals, Jour. Indust. Hyg. 3:304, 1922

Livingstone, J.  S.: Variations in the volume of the chest with changes in posture, Lancet 1:754, 1928.

Main, R.J., and Baker, J. P.: Circulatory and respiratory disturbances of the erect posture, Virginia M. Month.   68:210, 1941. 

McCutchen, G. T.: Varicosities of the lower extremity, Am. J. Surg. 72:63, 1946.  

Moore,  J. W.: Hemodynamics in man, South. M. J.  107:12, 1945.  

Porter, W. B.: Cardiodiaphragmatic syndrome, Virginia M. Month. 70:179, 1943.  

Redervell, F. H.: What part does posture play in ischaemia and stasis of the pelvic organs?, Urol.& Cutan. Rev. 30:535, 1946.  

Robinson, S. C.: Hypertension, body build and obesity,  Am.  Med. Sc. 199:819, 1940.  

Sanders, A. O.: Postural hypotension, Am.  Med. Sc. 182:217, 1931.  

Slocum, H. C., and Hoeflich, E. A.: Circulatory and respiratory distress from extreme positions on operating table,   Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 84:1051, 1947.  

Soderman, W. A., and Englehart, H. T.: Causes of syncope with special reference to the heart, New Orleans M. and S. J. 97:309, 1945.  

Stoll, H. F.: Postural defects and cardiac symptoms, Am. Heart J. 5:648, 1930.  

Thies, F. V.: Peripheral vascular disease, recent advances in treatment, Indust. Med. 18:440, 1949.

Trace, I. M.: Heart and diaphragm, Ann. Int. Med. 5:759, 1932.  

Turner, A. H.: Adjustment of heart rate and blood pressure in prolonged standing, Am. J. Physiol. 81:197, 1927. 

Wagner, J. A., and Hatfield, C. A.: Diagnosis and treatment of common peripheral vascular diseases, M. Clin. North America 30:1324, 1946.  

Werks, L.: Influence of positive pressure breathing on circulation in men, Acta med. scandinav., supp. 193:1, 1947.

Williams, T. K., ]r.: Reversible heart disease, New Orleans   M.& S. J.  98:199, 1945.  

Wright J S.: The neurovascular syndrome produced by hyperabduction of the arms, Am. Heart                  J.  29:1, 1943

Vickers, A. A.: Radiographic investigation of motility of diaphragm, Brit.  J. Radiol. 18:229, 1945

Chapter 7

There are no references for this chapter

Chapter 8  

Abbott, W. O.: Postural treatment of visceroptosis, Pennsylvania M. J. 37:743, 1943. 

Adams, T. W.: Painful menstruation with special reference to posture as an etiological factor, West. J. Surg. 42:88,   1943.           

C. W.: Important dividing line between caudal herniation and prolapse of abdominal and pelvic viscera,   West. J. Surg. 54:279, 1946.  

Bates, W.: Relation of body mechanics to surgical diagnosis, Arch. Phys. Therap. 16:416, 1935. 

Brown, L. T.: X-ray study of the diaphragm, its correlation to body mechanics in children, J. Bone & Joint Surg.   17:133,1935.  -:1 Bodily mechanics and nutrition, Boston M. & S. J. 18:187, 1920.  

Bull, B. W., and Jones, M. F. Incidence of postural proteinuria, South African M. J., 1946.  

Case, E. H., and Stiles, J. A.: The effect of various surgical positions on vital capacity, Anesthesiology 7:29, 1946.  

Chambers, R., and Ziverbach, B. W.: Functional activity of blood capillar bed, Ann. New York Acad. Sc. 46:683, 1946.  

Coffee, R. C.: Gastro-enteroptosis, New York, Appleton, 1923.

Cormalt-Jones, D. W.: Low visceral tone, Brit. M.J.  1:10,   1932.

Day, G. H.: Diaphragmatic dyspnoea, J. Roy. Army M. Corps 81:290, 1943.  

Editorial: Exercises in diabetes, J.A.M.A. 83:197, 1924.  

Goldthwait, J. E.: Cause of gastroptosis and enteroptosis and their possible importance as a causative factor in rheumatoid diseases, Boston M.& S.J.  162:695, 1910.   -: 1 Real significance of visceroptosis, Pennsylvania M.J. 17:523, 1914.   -: Some considerations in the treatment of hernia, Mil. Surgeon 72:208, 1933.   -: The problem of the diabetic, Mil. Surgeon 72:2,   1933. -: Mechanics and function of the organs in the upper abdomen, Physiotherapy Rev. 15:1, 1935. 

Haman, J.  0.: Exercises in dysmennorrhoa, Am. ]our. Obst. & Gynec. 49:755, 1945.  

Hoffman, L. M.: Relation of body mechanics to abdominal pain and visceroptosis, M. Rec. 140:182, 1934. 

Howorth, M. B.: Dynamic posture, Hygiea 25:198, 1947.  

Keith, Sir Arthur: Adaptation of abdomen and viscera to the orthograde posture, Brit. M.J. 1:587, 1923.  

Kinsella, V. J. Abdominal pain and integration of patient, M. J. Australia 1:681, 1940.  

Lane, Sir Arbuthnot: Intestinal stasis, Surg., Gynec. & Obst.   42:196, 1926.  

Lee, A. R.: Symptom producing factors in right visceroptosis, M. J.  Australia 2:750, 1934.   

Meyers, E. H.: Body mechanics in relation to nutrition, California State J. M. 20:440, 1922.

McConnell,  J.K. Slack abdominal wall, Lancet 2:363, 1928.  

Miller, N. F.: Dysmenorrhoea problem, J.A.M.A. 95:1796, 1930.   -: Posture studies in gynecology, J.A.M.A. 89:1761,   1927.  

Moore, J. W.: Hemodynamics in man, South. Med. & Surg. 107:12, 1945.  

Norsworthy, O. L. The debutante slough as a factor in   surgery, Texas State J. Med. 17:154, 1921.

Polgar, F.: Action of gravity on visceral cavity, Acta radiol.   27:647,1946.  

Post, W. E., and Thomas, W. A.: Orthostatic albuniinuria,  J.A.M.A. 80:293, 1923.  

Reynolds, S. R. M.: Uterine accommodation of the products of conception, physiologic considerations, Am. J. Obst. &   Gynec. 53:901, 1947.  

Riddle, A. W., Mengert, W. F., and Sanders, R. W.: The   effect of body posture on uterine position, Am. J. Obst. & Gynec. 54:391, 1947.

Russell, J.W.: Postural albuminuria, Lancet 2:683, 1925.  

Swaim, L. T.: Chronic gastrointestinal stasis, Clifton Med. Bull. 2:40, 1914.   -: Recurrent symptoms of appendicitis, Boston M. & S. J. 189:676, 1923.  

Swanson, C.: Relation of pelvic inclination, lumbar index and posture to obstetrics, Michigan M. A. J. 30:669, 1931.  

Talbot, F. B., and Brown, L. T.: Relation of bodily mechanics to cyclic vomiting, Am. ]our. Dis. Child. 20:168,   1920.  

Tenant, C. E.: Faulty posture causing abdominal pain, simulating symptoms associated with visceral pathology, Colorado Med. 20:191, 1923.  

Thorel, P.: Glenard’s disease, importance of some of its complications, Am. J. Surg. 13:597, 1947.

Trumef, R.: Exercises in therapy of gastro-intestinal ptosis,  Munch. Med. Wchnschr. 85:631, 1938.

Vietor, A. C.: Anatomic basis for the study of splanchnoptosis, N. E. J. M. 206:1137, 1932.  

White, J. R.: Visceroptosis in relation to posture, M. J. Australia, Supp. 5:133, 1927.

Chapter 9

Barr,  S.: Low back and sciatic pain, J. Bone & joint Surg. 33:633,1951.  

Boynton, W. H.: Posture as a condition of efficient brain activity, School & Society 4:86, 1916.

Briscoe, G.: Adequate electrical stimuli for posture and movement,  J. Physiol. 71:292, 1932.  

Brown, T. G.: On postural and nonpostural activities of the mid-brain, Proc. Roy. Soc. 873:145, 1913. 

Cannon, W. B.: A method of stimulating autonomic nerves in the unanesthetized cat with observations on the motor and sensory effects, Am. J. Physiol. 105:366, 1933.  

Carnett, J. B.: Acute and recurrent pseudo-appendicitis,  Am.  M. Sc. 174:833, 1927.  -: Intercostal neuralgia as a cause of abdominal pain, Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 42:625, 1926.  

Darrow, C.: Physiological and clinical autonomic balance, Physiol. Rev. 23:1, 1943.  

Denny-Brown, D.: On the nature of postural reflexes, Proc. Roy. Soc. 104:B:252, 1929. 

Fulton, J. F.: Physiology of the Nervous System, New York Oxford Med. Pub., 1943.  

Goldthwait, J. E.: A case of general progressive muscular atrophy with recovery, Boston M. &: S. J. 186:559, 1922.  

Gunther, L.: Radiating pains in hypertrophic arthritis, California and West. Med. 29:152, 1928.

Harvey, A. M.: Physiology of the neuromuscular junction clinical aspects, Federation Proc. 7:458, 1948.  

Hellebrandt, F. A.: Postural adjustment in convalescence and rehabilitation, Federation Proc. 3:243, 1944.  

Jones, E.: The influence of bodily positions on mental activities, Arch. Physiol. 6:60, 1907.  

Kuntz, A.: The Autonomic Nervous System, Philadelphia,  Lea, 1934.  

Langworthy, O. R.: Posture control by central nervous system, Physiol. Rev. 8:151, 1928.   

Larsen, E. M.: The fatigue of standing, Am. J. Physiol. 150:109, 1947.  

McGraw, M. B.: Neuromuscular mechanism of the infant, Am. Jour. Dis. Child. 60:1031, 1940. 

Magnus, R.: Some results of studies in the physiology of posture, Lancet 2:531, 1926.   

Miller, F. R.: Visceromotor reflexes, Am. J. Physiol. 71:84,   1924.  

Ottenger, F. M.: Symptoms of Visceral Disease, St. Louis, Mosby, 1930.  

Ryle, J. A.: Visceral pain and referred pain, Lancet 1:895, 1926.               

Sprague, J.  M., Schreiner, L. H., Lindsley, D. B., Magoun,   H. W.: Reticulospinal influence on stretch reflex, Neurophysiol. 11:501, 1948.  

Thomas, H. M.: Transient paralysis from postural hypotension, Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 65:329, 1939.  

Todd, T. W: Posture and cervical rib, Ann. Surg. 75:105,  1922.  

White, J. C., and Smithwick, R.: The Autonomic Nervous System, New York, Macmillan, 1943.

Wright, S.: Discussion on the functions of the sympathetic nervous system, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 25:1588, 1932.   


Chapter 10

Bauer, W: Rheumatoid arthritis; the importance of a comprehensive approach in treatment, J.A.M.A. 138:397, 1948.  

Bayles, T. B.: Modern treatment of rheumatoid arthritis,  M. Clin. North America 32:1357, 1948.

Bick, E. M.: Peripheral vascular system in chronic arthritis, Am. Surg. 18:77, 1932.  

Buckley, C. W.: Spondylitis, Ann. Rheumat. Dis. 7: 17, 1948.  

Capener, N.: Physiologic rest, Brit. M.J.  2:761, 19416.  

Comroe, B. I.: Physical therapy in arthritis, Arch. Phys. Therap. 26:677, 1945.  

Desmarais, M. H. L.: Rehabilitation of chronic arthritis,   Brit. Phys. Med. 10:116, 1947. 

Douthwaite, A. H.: Problem of rheumatism, Practitioner  161:153, 1948.  

Eaton, E. R.: Problem of chronic arthritis, .Mil. Surgeon   102:117, 1948.  

Fletcher, A. A.: Chronic arthritis, Canad. M. A. J.  22:320,   1930.  

Fletcher, E.: Osteoarthritis and its treatment, Brit. J. Phys. Med. 11:136, 1948.

Goldthwait, J. E.: Arthritis, general considerations, Am. Med. 25:589, 1930.   -: Infectious arthritis, Boston M. & S. J.  150:363, 1904.   -: Osteoarthritis, Boston M. & S. J.  150:529, 1904.   -: Our present understanding of the rheumatoid diseases, Wisconsin M. J. 10:5, 1911.  

Hall, F. C.: Treatment of chronic arthritis, Am. Med.   35:367, 1929.   -: Common arthritis conditions, M. Clin. North America 29:1269, 1945.  

Hartung, E. F.: Relation of posture to arthritis, Arch. Phys. Therap. 18:626, 1937.  

Hench, P. S.: Ameliorating effects of pregnancy on chronic atrophic arthritis, fibrositis and intermittent hydra-arthrosis, Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clinic 13:16l, 1938.  

Hench, P. S., Kenall, E. C., Slocumb, C. H., and Polley, H. F.: Effect of hormone of adrenal cortex and of pituitary adrenocorticotrophic hormone on rheumatoid arthritis, Ann. Rheumat. Dis. 8:97, 1949.

Irish, W. H., and Stump, J. P.: Villous arthritis of knee due to improper weight distribution, Arch. Phys. Therap. 20:391, 1939.

Jordan, E. P., et al.: Primer on arthritis, J.A.M.A. 119:1089,   1942  

Kuhns, J. G.: Body mechanics in the treatment of chronic arthritis, Physiotherapy Rev. 16:83, 1936._-: Review of the pathology in chronic arthritis, Am. Med. 25:593, 1930.  -: Orthopedic management of chronic arthritis, Am. Pract., Feb., 1951.  

Osgood, R. B.: Orthopedic aspects of chronic arthritis, J. Bone & Joint Surg. 8:26, 1926.   

Patek, R.: Static deformities as a factor in the production of so-called hypertrophic arthritis, J. Orthop. Surg. 3:324, 1921.  

Piersol, G. M., and Hollander, J. L.: Optimum rest-exercise balance in arthritis, Arch. Phys. Med. 28:500, 1947.     

Raff, A.: Menopausal arthritis, S. African M.J.  21:294,  1941.  

Selye, H.: General adaptation syndrome and diseases of adaptation,  J.Allergy 17:231, 1946.  

Short, C. L., and Bauer, W.: Rheumatoid arthritis course in patient receiving simple medical and orthopedic measures, New Eng. J.Med. 238:142, 1948.  

Smith, M.: Relationship of constitutional inadequacy to atrophic arthritis, Boston M. & S. J. 202:714, 1930. 

Steinbrocker, O.: Results in rheumatoid arthritis,   J.A.M.A. 131:189, 1946.  

Swaim, L. T. Rheumatoid arthritis, general treatment,  J. Indiana M. A. 38:487, 1945.   —: Orthopedic treatment of Strumpell-Marie arthritis, J. Bone & Joint Surg. 21:983, 1939.   -: Postural treatment of chronic arthritis,  Advanced Therap. 33:248, 1915.  

Swaim, L. T., and Kuhns, J. G.: Prevention of deformities in chronic arthritis, J.A.M.A. 94: 1123, 1930._: lbid. 93:1863, 1929; Ibid. 93:1123, 1929.  

Tegner, W. S.2 Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, Lancet 1:469, 1948.  

Thorn, G. W, Prunty, F. T. G., and Forsham, P. H.:   Clinical studies on effects of pituitary adrenocorticotrophic hormone, Tr. A. Am. Physicians 60:143, 1947.  

Wilcox, W.: Etiology of chronic rheumatism, Practitioner 127:509, 1931.  

Williams, H. A.: Pre-rheumatoid, Rheumatism 3:15, 1946.  

Willis, T. A.: Static strain in hypertrophic arthritis, J. Bone & Joint Surg. 6:316, 1924. -: Chronic arthritis of the shoulder, New England  J. Med. 219:516, 1938.   


Chapter 11

Abraham, A.: Exercise and hypertrophy, Lancet 2:565, 1946.

Ansfield, D.J.  Posture defects in children, Wisconsin M. J. 43:703, 1944.

Arnold, E. H.: Bad posture or deformity, Am. Phys. Educ. Rev. 31:1058, 1926.

Blum, E.: Round shoulders, postural defect therapy by medical gymnastics, Dis. Med. 18:149, 1946.

Bowen, C.: Posture training for adolescents, Phys. Therapy Rev. 28:60, 1948.

Brock, D. E.: Some practical ideas about posture training, Am. Phys. Educ. Rev. 28:330, 1923.

Burt, H. A.: Effects of faulty posture, Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 43:187, 1950.

Capener, N.: Physiologic Rest, Brit. M. J. 2:761, 1946. 

Carnett,  J. B., and Bates, W.: Phases of body mechanics, J. Health and Phys. Educ. 4:28, 1933.

Cathcart, E. P.: Physiologic approach to fitness, Brit. M. J. 2:273, 1938.

Clark, W. A.: Defects of posture correctable in school, physical education classes, California and West. Med.  28:636, 1928.

Cyriax, J. Treatment by movement, Brit. M. J. 2:303, 1944.

Davis, J. E.: Fundamental concepts of physical activity in rehabilitation, Ment. Hyg. 31:630, 1947.

Dutton, C.: Posture in school health program, Pub. Health Nursing 39:208, 1947.

Estes, W. L.: Causes and occurrences of scoliosis in college men, J.A.M.A. 75:411, 1920.

Ewerhardt, F. H.: Physical exercise, Med. Physics, pp. 1040-1043, 1943.

Fitzhugh, M.: Let’s keep them straight, Conn. State Dept. of Health M. C. H. 79, 1948.

Fitzhugh, M. L.: The physical therapist looks at babies, Physical Therapy Rev. 28:4, 1948.

Forrester-Brown, M.: Posture improvement, Lancet 2:115, 1930.

Fries, E. C.: Cardiovascular response to graded exercise, Arch. Phys. Therap. 25:540, 1944.

Garner, J. R.: Good posture and good health, Life & Health 64:8, 1949.

Gengenbach, F. P.: Posture work in children, Texas State J. Med. 18:596, 1923.

Godov, V. C.: Evaluation of fitness, Medicina 78:129, 1950. 

Hall, E. R.: Exercise and posture in relation to disease, Virginia M. Month. 53:729, 1926.

Hansson, K. G.: Comparative study in the first and second decade of life, Internal Clin. 4:136, 1930.  Hens, E. A., Jr., Krale, W. F.: Circulation: effect of heat and cold, exercise and posture, Med. Physics, pp. 194-206, 1943.

Hill, H. B.: Common mistakes in teaching physical training, Brit. M. J. 2:608, 1925.

Hugh-Jones, P.: The effect of seat position in the efficiency of bicycle pedaling,  Physiol. 106:186, 1947.  Huher, E. G.: Physical disabilities in drafted men, Mil. Surgeon 61:734, 1927.

Jokl, E.: Medical research in physical education, South African M. J. 19:196, 1945.

Klein, A., and Thomas, L.: Posture clinics, Washington, D. C., U. S. Dept. of Labor, Children’s Bureau Pub. 164, 1926.

Kraus, W. M.: Study in comparative physiology of posture, Bull. New York Acad. Med. 3:532, 1927.

Langworthy, O. R.: Postural control of central nervous system, Physiol. Rev. 8:151, 1928.

Lanskenau, N. I.: Rehabilitation by modern methods, Brit. J. Phys. Med. 6:12, 1943.

Lee, R. I., and Brown, L. T.: A new chart for standardization of body mechanics, J. Bone & ]oint Surg. 5:753, 1923. 

Lewis, S.: Influence of body flexibility on health, New York M. J. 107:12, 1918.

Little, E. M.: Treatment of postural defects in children and adolescents, Lancet 1:197, 1925.

McCurdy, J. H.: Postural skills essential to health, Am.Phys. Educ. Rev. 31:894, 1926.

McDonnel, J. Sleep posture, Brit. J. Phys. Med. 9:46, 1946.

Mott, G. E.: Posture, U. S. Nav. M. Bull. 25:1, 1927. 

Narosimha Agyar, N. S.: Body mechanics, Antiseptic 44:293, 1947.

Neel, D. I.: Overcoming postural handicaps, Phys. Rev.11:208, 1931.

Nicholson, J. T., and Laplace, L. B.: Therapeutic value of postural correction, Arch. Phys. Therap. 19:229, 1938. 

Phalen, G. S.: The diagnosis and treatment of mechanical backache, J.A.M.A. 141:445, 1950.

Phelps, W. M., and Kiphuth, R. J. Diagnosis and Treatment of Postural Defects, Springfield, Thomas, 1932. 

Pond, A.: Functional approach to diagnosis and treatment of static disorders, Rocky Mountain M. ]. 43:459, 1946. 

Robinson, O.: Physical therapist and postural defects, J.A.M.A. 93:578, 1929.

Sherman, F. A.: Habits of posture as related to health and efficiency, Nat. Health 5:708, 1923.

Sjogren, B.: Arterial orthostatic anemia, Acta. med.  scandinav. 133:45, 1949.

Steinbrocker, O., et al.: Musculoskeletal inadequacy and failure, Geriatrics 5:121, 1950.

Sweet, C. D.: Improvement in body mechanics in adolescent children, Am. Dis. Child 74:503, 1947.

Todd, M. E.: Principles of posture, Boston M. & S. J. 182:645, 1920.

Tomb, J. W.: Fainting, shock and muscular activity, M. J. Australia 2:274, 1944.

Warren, W. W.: Care of chronic sick, Lancet 1:841, 1946.

Whitelock, R. H. A.: Posture in the treatment of disease, Lancet 2:254, 1924.

Wiles, P.: Postural deformities of the antero-posterior curves of the spine, Lancet 1:911, 1937.

Williams, H. A.: Pre-rheumatoid, Rheumatism 3:15, 1946. 

Wright, J.: Protective body mechanics in convalescence, Am. Nursing 45:699, 1945.


Chapter 12

Bailey, E. T., and Harrens, B. B.: Remedial correction of valgus foot strain by foot pronation exercises, Lancet 2:490, 1946.

Baker, D. M.: Remedial exercises in postural defects of feet, Brit.  Phys. Med. 11:87, 1948.

Bellman, E. H.: Human foot, new functional exercise, Arch. Phys. Therap. 25:13, 1944.

Blumenthal, L.: Proposed method for carrying out physiologic training for flat feet, Acta orthop. scandinav. 8:363, 1937.

Brett, A. L.: Crippling sequelae of static defects of the feet, Physiotherapy 21:306, 1941.

Bruce, J., and Walmsley, R.: Arches of the foot, Lancet 2:656, 1938.

Compere, E. L.: Flat feet in children, M. Clin. North America 30:147, 1946.

Creer, W. S.: Foot faults related to form and function, Brit. J. Indust. Med. 1:54, 1944.

Cuttle, T. D.: Method of evaluating muscle balance in so-called flat feet in the Navy, U. S. Nav. M. Bull. 41:216, 1943.

Dickson, F. D., and Diveley, R. L.: Functional Disorders of the Foot, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1949.

Gilking, G.: Run down at heels, Am. J. Nursing 49:796, 1949.

Good, M. G.: Painful feet, Practitioner 163:229, 1949. 

Gosman, J. A.: Flat foot, common disorder first manifesting itself in childhood, Ohio State M. J. 43:1142, 1947.

Graham,  Complications of weak feet, Am. J. Surg. 42:299, 1938.

_-: Treatment of weak feet, Illinois M. J. 75:425, 1939. 

Harris, H. A.: Assessment of foot function, Lancet 1:32, 1942.

Hauser, E. D. W.: Diseases of the Foot, Philadelphia, Saunders, 1950.

-: Common foot disorders, Arch. Phys. Therap. 25:93, 1944.

Jones, R. L.: Functional significance of declination of axis of subtalar joint, Anat. Rec. 93:151, 1945.  Kark, W.: Foot strain in the service, Roy. Army M. Corps 83:166, 1944.

Kite, J. H.: Morton’s toe syndrome, J.M.A. Georgia 36:309, 1947.

Lake, N. C.: Foot as a factor in producing fatigue in industry and in the services, M. Press 208:344, 1942.  Lewin, P.: The Foot and Ankle, Philadelphia, Lea, 1941.

-: Painful conditions of foot and ankle, Postgrad. Med. 6:292, 1949.

-: Nurses’ feet deserve good care; and how about your posture? Am. J.Nursing 38:626, 1938.

Liebolt, F. L.: Foot problems in children, Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 90:461, 1950.

Lowman, C. L.: Feet and body mechanics, J. Health and Phys. Ed. 11:137, 1940.

Manter, J. T.: Distribution of compression factors in joints of human foot, Anat. Rec. 96:313, 1946.

McGee, L. C.: Treatment of flat foot in children, Hygeia 22:660, 1944.

Miller, T. M.: Treatment of minor foot disabilities, Edinburgh M. J. 45:540, 1938.

Morton, D.  Biomechanics of the Human Foot, Lecture, Am. Acad. Orth. Surg., Ann Arbor, Brooks Bros., 1944. 

Naret, J. K., and Cepolla, A. F.: New method of leg exercises, Arch. Surg. 53:345, 1946.

Osgood, R. B.: Important etiologic factor in so-called foot strain, New England J. Med. 226:552, 1942.

Price,.E. E.:  Juvenile posture of legs and knees, M. J. Australia 2:589, 1949.

Robinev, M., Johnson, M, and Anderson, M.: Feet of normal children, J. Pediat. 23:141, 1943.

Robnett, J. H.: Weak feet and postural defects, Northwest Med. 26:592, 1927.

Truslow, W.: Relation of foot strain to other body strains, M. Times 74:275, 1946.

Van Arkel, C. D.: Foot disability in relation to posture, Geneesk. gids. 24:359, 1946.


Chapter 13

Beard, J. H.: The opportunity of preventive medicine in institutions of higher learning, J.A.M.A. 83:251, 1924. 

Dutton, C.: Posture in school health program, Pub. Health Nursing 39:208, 1947.

Fishbein, M.: Essential factors for health and fitness, Occup. Med. 2:566, 1946.

Foster, J. B.: Discussion of body mechanics, Physiotherapy Rev. 14:27, 1934.

Garner, J. R.: Posture and women, Internat. J. Med. & Surg. 45:195, 1932.

Gebhard, B.: Education in industrial health, Occup. Med. 3:364, 1947.

Goldthwait, J. E.: Importance of correct furniture to assist the best body function,  Bone & Joint Surg. 5:179, 1923. 

Hanman, B.: Who are physically handicapped, Indust. Med.16:298, 1947.

Hemeon, W. L. C.: Engineering in industrial health, Occup. Med. 4:201, 1947.

Howitt, F. D.: Rehabilitation center, Brit. M. J. 2:52, 1942. 

Hunter, D.: Devices for protection of worker against injury and disease, Brit. M. J. 1:449, 1950.

Jacobs, W. P.: Physical fitness, J.A.M.A. 125:831, 1944.

Jones, J. A.: Building of posture, Hygeia 12:236, 1934.

Jones, M. L.: Backache in industry, Wisconsin M. J. 44: 1069, 1945.

Keene, C. H.: Student health program, Am. Jour. Pub. Health 16:992, 1926.

Kuhns, J. G.: Physical therapy in common orthopedic conditions, Clinics 4:1463, 1946.

Leak, W. N.: Body mechanics in industry, Brit. J. Phys. Med. 6:176, 1943.

Lee, F. S.: The Human Machine and Industrial Efficiency, New York, Longmans, 1918.

Machanik, G.: Worker and his environment, South African M. J. 24:163, 1950.

McGraw, M. B.: Neuromuscular development of human infant as exemplified in achievement of erect locomotion, J. Pediat. 17:747, 1940.

MacNider, W. deB.: Aging of tissues, necessity for research, Science 104:405, 1946.

Milliken, R. A.: Plan for reeducation of defects in men of military age, Mil. Surgeon 63:182, 1928.

Morris, G. T. L. F., and King, J. E. A.: Man power deployment, Brit. J. Phys. Med. 10:70, 1947.

Page, R. C.: Significance of non-occupational disability, Arch. Indust. Hyg. 1:1, 1950.

Poole, F. E.: Physical examinations, objectives and methods, J.A.M.A. 133:91, 1947.

Rathe, H. W.: Health guidance in maturity, Jour. Iowa M. Soc. 37:270, 1947.

Richardson, F. H., and Hearn, W.J. The Preschool Child and His Posture, New York, Putnam, 1930.

Roche, J. Medical care and public health function, Am. J. Pub. Health 27:1221, 1937. 

Russell, W. T., White, G. P. B., and Pyle, J.A.:  Studies in occupational morbidity, Brit. J. Indust. Med. 4:56, 1947. 

Simonson, E.: Physical fitness and work capacity of men, Geriatrics 2:110, 1947.

Stafford, G. I.: Preventive and Corrective Physical Education, New York, Barnes, 1928.

Stewart, S. F.: Pre-employment examination of back,  J.Bone  & Joint Surg. 29:215,1947.

Walworth, H. T.: Worker health education, Indust. Med.  13:578, 1944.

Warren, W. W.: Care of chronic sick, Lancet 1:841, 1946

Welch, C. R.: Saving your figure in relation to pregnancy, Hygeia 18:209, 1940.

Wells R. L.: Present day concept of physical medicine, Virginia M. Month. 77:4, 1950

Wilde, H.: Posture and health examination, Hosp. Social Service. 14:254, 1926.

Yabuda. J.: Organic equilibrium, M. Press 214:124, 1945


Chapter 14

Affleck, J. W; Geriatric rehabilitation, Occup. Therapy 27: 1, 1948

Amulree, and Studley, E. L.: Care of aged, Brit. M. J. 1:617, 1945.

Bortz, E. L.: Management of elderly patient, Postgrad. Med. 7:186, 1950.

Boss, E. P.: Treatment of the Patient Past Fifty, Chicago, Yr. Bk. Pub., 1941.

Carlson, A. J.: Older worker, Scient. Month. 57:5, 1943.

Cowdry, E. V.: Factors in aging, Scient. Month. 56:370, 1943. 

Critchley, M.: Senile disorders of gait, Geriatrics 3:364, 1948.

Crosland, J. H.: Old age rehabilitation, M. Press. 218:42l, 1947.

Culley, A. B.: Care of aged and infirm and chronic sick, Pub. Health 60:102, 1947.

deGruchy, C.: Counselling the aged, Geriatrics 2:183, 1947. 

Dawson, P. W., and Hellebrandt, F. A.: Influence of aging in man upon his cardiovascular responses to exercise, Am. J. Physiol. 143:420, 1945.

Howell, T. H.: Blood pressure in old age, Brit. Heart J. 4:28, 1943.

Hyman, H.: Aged get well if given good convalescent care, Mod. Hosp. 66:87, 1946.

King, W. F.: Health guidance in advancing years, J. lndiana M. A. 39:589, 1946.

Kountz, W. B.: Degenerative disease, M. Times 75:93, 1947. 

Krusen, F. H., and Leden, W.  M.: Application of physical medicine in geriatrics, Geriatrics 1:409, 1946.

Lee, R. I.: Health and fitness at fifty, Proc. Stall Meet., Mayo Clinic 17:378, 1942.

Miller, L. A.: What is old age, Geriatrics 1:305, 1946. 

Moore, R. A.: Medical approach to problems of aging, J. Gerontol. 4:90, 1949.

Mueller-Dedam, A., and Rabson, S. M.: Internal Medicine in Old Age, Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1942. 

Rabinev, A. M., and Hand, M.: Activity as therapeutic agent in Parkinsonian syndrome, Tr. Am. Neurol. A.  67:234,1941.

Rathburn, H. K.: Aspects of management of elderly patient, South M. J. 41:153, 1948.

Schock, N. W; Older persons and their potentialities for gainful employment, J. Gerontol. 2:93, 1947.

Sheldon, J. H.: Aspects of old age, Lancet 1:621, 1948. 

Simms, H. S.: Problem of aging and of vascular diseases, Science 95:183, 1942.

Steiglitz, E. J.  Geriatric Medicine, Philadelphia, Saunders, 1943.

Stoddard, A.: Physical medicine in care of aged and chronic sick, Brit. Phys. Med. 11:10, 1948.

Thewles, M. W.: The Care of the Aged, St. Louis, Mosby, 1941.

Thomson, A. P. T.: Problems of aging and chronic sickness, Brit. M. J. 2:243, 1949.